Oral surgery involves a series of procedure aimed at treating various injuries, defects or diseases associated with oral part of the body, the mouth. Most often oral surgery focuses in the head, neck, face and jaws of the mouth while maxillofacial surgery deals with the treatment of hard and soft tissues of the mouth.
There are a number of conditions that may require oral surgery, namely:
1.Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth to develop thus causing abnormal growth from the gum line. In most cases, there isn’t enough room for them in the jaw causing improper alignment through the gum line and the teeth becomes impacted in within. Impacted wisdom teeth can be associated with pain, swelling and to the extreme, it can get infected. If no action is taken to an impacted teeth, it can affect the nearby teeth and even cause permanent damage on jaws and bones.
It’s important to visit your local dentist in case your exhibit some impacted teeth and through oral surgery, entrapped teeth can be removed.
Another oral condition that requires oral surgery is a tooth loss and dental implants are always an option when your teeth need to be removed. Most cases involving tooth loss are infections, accidents or dentures, and such cases will require a root substitute to anchor artificial teeth. However, good oral hygiene is advisable for people dental implants candidates and sooner or later, they can have their healthy smiles back.
3.Jaw related problems
There are three types of problems associated with the jaw, unequal jaw growth, temporomandibular joint or to improve the fit of dentures. Unequal jaw position results from the improper growth of upper and lower jaws and can cause problems in eating, swallowing, and even breathing. Although, minor jaw problems can be remedied with various orthodontic appliances. Serious jaw conditions such as temporomandibular joint will require oral surgery, the process can involve the complete removal of the entire jaw or some part of it.
4.Various Oral Surgery Conditions
There are other minor conditions that can require a surgical operation, they include facial injury repair, lesion removal, and biopsy, cleft lip and cleft palate repair, sleep apnea and facial infections. Some of this condition can be remedied with nonsurgical operations, but if that fail to alleviate the problem, it is advisable to try oral surgery.